COHEN, SIR ROBERT WALEY (1877–1952), British industrialist and Jewish communal leader. He was the son of Nathaniel Cohen, who pioneered labor exchanges and university appointment boards in Britain, and of Julia, daughter of Jacob Waley. In 1901 he joined the staff of Shell Company under the future viscount bearsted and represented the company in the negotiations which led to its amalgamation with the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company. For many years he was, in effect, second in command of "The Group." During World War I Waley Cohen played a vital part in ensuring the supply of fuel oil to the Allies and was knighted for his services in 1920. He rose to high office in the Anglo-Jewish community and was in turn treasurer, vice president, and president of the united synagogue . His concept of the overriding role of the lay leadership brought him into constant conflict with the chief rabbi, J.H. Hertz , who believed that the traditional authority of the rabbinate must be paramount. The conflict was exacerbated by the incompatibility of two dominant personalities. Waley Cohen was largely responsible for establishing in 1919 the Jewish War Memorial (later Jewish Memorial Council) for improving religious and educational conditions in the Anglo-Jewish community. In 1942 he was one of the founders of the Council of Christians and Jews. In spite of some collaboration with chaim weizmann in the 1920s, he remained basically opposed to political Zionism, though he contributed to the economic development of Palestine as chairman of the Economic Board for Palestine and of the Palestine Corporation. It was he who selected the site for the Haifa oil refinery. His son SIR BERNARD WALEY-COHEN (1914–1991) was lord mayor of London 1960–61, when he was named a baronet. He was a vice president of the United Synagogue. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Henriques, Sir Robert Waley Cohen (1966). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online. (Vivian David Lipman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Cohen, Sir Robert Waley — (1877–1952)    British industrialist. Cohen joined the Shell Oil Company in 1901 and during World War I was petroleum adviser to the army council. He was knighted in 1920. He was president of the United Synagogue, and one of the founders of the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Robert Waley Cohen — Sir Robert Waley Cohen KBE (* 8. September 1877 in London; † 27. November 1952 ebenda) war britischer Chemiker der Royal Dutch Shell Company. Cohen stammt aus einer der führenden englisch jüdischen Familien. 1901 trat er in die Shell Transport… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Waley Cohen — Sir Robert Waley Cohen KBE (8 September 1877 27 November 1952) was a British industrialist and prominent leader of Anglo Jewry. Early life He came from a prominent Jewish family, being the grandson of Jacob Waley and a cousin of Arthur Waley.… …   Wikipedia

  • COHEN — COHEN, family distinguished in Anglo Jewish life for almost two centuries. LEVI BARENT COHEN (1747–1808) went to England from Amersfoort (Holland) in the third quarter of the 18th century. He was presiding warden of the Great Synagogue, London,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WALEY — WALEY, family of English Jews, active in various branches of public and intellectual life. The Waley family traces its descent from Benjamin Levi (d. 1784), an engraver from Wiesbaden who settled in Portsmouth in 1740. His son Jacob (d. 1817)… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Robert Henriques — Robert David Quixano Henriques (December 11, 1905 January 22, 1967) was a British writer, broadcaster and farmer. He gained modest renown for two award winning novels and two biographies of Jewish business tycoons, published during the middle… …   Wikipedia

  • Waley-Cohen Baronets — The Waley Cohen Baronetcy, of Honeymead in the County of Somerset, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 11 December 1961 for Sir Bernard Waley Cohen, Lord Mayor of London from 1960 to 1961 and the son of Robert… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard Waley-Cohen — Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley Cohen, 1st Baronet (29 May 1914 ndash;3 July 1991), was a British Jewish businessman. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1960.The son of Sir Robert Waley Cohen, Waley Cohen was Alderman, City of London Portsoken Ward, 1949 …   Wikipedia

  • Simon Waley Waley — (23 August 1827, Stockwell, London 30 December 1875, Marylebone, London) was one of the leading members of Anglo Jewry in the 19th century.He was a leading broker on the London Stock Exchange and a prominent amateur musician. He was a leading… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard Waley Cohen — Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley Cohen, 1. Baronet (* 29. Mai 1914; † 3. Juli 1991 in Simonsbath, Somerset) war Londoner Lord Mayor. Bernard Waley Cohen war Sohn des englisch jüdischen Chemikers der Royal Dutch Shell Company, Robert Waley Cohen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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